Legislative and regulatory frameworks

International agreement has been reached on a number of underlying principles that govern either public health or safe management of hazardous waste.

These principles should be taken into consideration when internal HCF rules governing healthcare waste management are prepared.

Considering that waste producers (HCFs) have a legal and financial responsibility ("polluter pays principle") for managing healthcare waste safely ("duty of care principle"), taking all necessary measures to minimize risks ("precautionary principle"), it is in their interest that they have internal rules and codes of practice that help them achieve these goals in the most cost effective and sustainable way possible.

As for any regulatory framework, it won't have much impact if there is no official body that can monitor compliance and has the means of enforcing laws and regulations.