General procedures in case of spillages
The actions listed below provide an example of typical measures that could/should be taken in case of accidental spillages of HCW.
- Evacuate the contaminated area.
- Decontaminate the eyes and skin of exposed personnel immediately.
- Inform the designated person who should coordinate the necessary actions.
- Determine the nature of the spill.
- Evacuate all the people not involved in cleaning up.
- Provide first aid and medical care to injured individuals.
- Secure the area to prevent exposure of additional individuals.
- Provide adequate protective clothing to personnel involved in cleaning-up.
- Limit the spread of the spill.
- Neutralize or disinfect the spilled or contaminated material if indicated.
- Collect all spilled and contaminated material. [Sharps should never be picked up by hand; brushes and pans or other suitable tools should be used]. Spilled material and disposable contaminated items used for cleaning should be placed in the appropriate waste bags or containers.
- Decontaminate or disinfect the area, wiping up with absorbent cloth. The cloth (or other absorbent material) should never be turned during this process, because this will spread the contamination. The decontamination should be carried out by working from the least to the most contaminated part, with a change of cloth at each stage. Dry cloths should be used in the case of liquid spillage; for spillages of solids, cloth impregnated with water (acidic, basic, or neutral as appropriate) should be used.
- Rinse the area, and wipe dry with absorbent cloths.
- Decontaminate or disinfect any tools that were used.
- Remove protective clothing and decontaminate or disinfect it if necessary.
- Seek medical attention if exposure to hazardous material has occurred during the operation.